August 19 is celebrated as International Day of the Photography; a day that inspires photographers around the world to share one photo with a simple goal: to share their photography with the rest of the world. Today, on the International Day of Photography, we will tell you more about this day and the history of photography!
The origin of the International Day of Photography
That the International Day of Photography falls on August 19 is not just random, there is a reason behind it. We owe this day to Louis Daguerre, the inventor of the Daguerrotype; a photographic method from 1837.
The Daguerrotype uses a polished, silver-plated copper plate. With iodine vapours, the plate is made light-sensitive, exposed (also known as making the photo) and exposed to mercury vapours. In this way, mirror images are created. This image is then fixed in saline and rinsed with water.
Because the development costs of the Daguerrotype were very high, Daguerre decided on August 19, 1839 to sell the patent to the French government and announced the invention as a gift, "free to the world". Since then, Daguerre has been regarded as the inventor of photography.
On August 19, 2010, the International Day of Photography his first global online gallery. Nearly 270 photographers shared their Photos and people from over 100 countries visited the website. This was the first official, globally celebrated International Day of Photography.
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The History of Photography
The very first
The Daguerreotype was not the first permanent photographic image, Daguerre actually had a predecessor! That we the International Day of Photography owe to Daguerre, is therefore not entirely fair. In 1826, Niepce took the earliest known permanent photograph, known as "View from the Window at Le Gras", from his window in the French region of Burgundy. Niepce was able to achieve this using a process called heliography: a special liquid is smeared on a glass or metal plate, which hardens proportionally according to the amount of light.
The first color photo
The first color photograph was taken by Thomas Sutton in 1861. It was a set of three black and white photographs taken through red, green and blue filters. However, the photographic emulsions used at the time were insensitive to the spectrum, so the result was very imperfect and the demonstration was quickly forgotten by the public.
The first selfie
In 2013, the Oxford Dictionaries announced their word of the year as 'selfie': a photo someone has taken of themselves. It seems like a very recent phenomenon, but nothing could be further from the truth! The first selfie was taken in 1839 by Robert Cornelius, a photography enthusiast from Philadelphia. Cornelius set his camera in the back of the family store in Philadelphia and took the photo by removing the lens cap and then running against the frame, where he sat for a minute before covering the lens again. On the back of the image he wrote: "The first light photograph ever taken. 1839."
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Photography for your home
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